Popular map-maker Arrowsmith spells it as Nkalaoum River on a map from 1862,one which map from 1862, drawn by just one J. Conroy, Royal Engineer, reveals a Nicolumne R. Potentially this is the river referred to by Douglas Within this correspondence, from 1860, as the Ballomme River, which was intended to be Portion of a route by means of to the Similkameen Valley, a length of sixty miles. How and why Douglas assigned the name of Ballomme isn't distinct.
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two At the time Fort Rupert was crafted, several Kwagiulth men and women settled nearby, from the existing-working day Neighborhood of T'sakis.3 Right now, the time period Kwakiutl applies to only Those people from T'sakis; as well as other groups in the region, the Kwakiutl are A part of the Kwakwaka'wakw—people who communicate Kwakwala.4 In 1889, the fort burned down, and now just a rubbled chimney marks the presence of the first Fort Rupert.5
Rae's Pass appears on this 1857 map by McKay. It's tricky to pinpoint exaclty which aspect this title refers to, as hardly any names composed on McKay's map keep on being in use.
It was the website of the navy coal keep. This 1859 despatch notes that it was Component of Whole lot 53, which was "bought in five acre tons except Thetis Island by itself, which consists of just one acre, and which was bought independently to your
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Generally speaking, Very first Nations will not see this Conference like a land settlement, some having noted the agreement as 1 that could enable settlers to Reside and farm on their land in Trade for normal payments.5 This occasion as well as treaties signed with Douglas remains to be debated nowadays. six Dispute over the hill and its name is ongoing; in 2013 Main Eric Pelkey led a gaggle of Coastline Salish folks and many local supporters up the mountain to position a hand-carved indication at its summit. 1st Nations reclaiming of Mount Douglas as PKOLS signifies a small get more info little bit of decolonization on Vancouver Island. seven
Miners appeared to own named the bar right after the initial European guy to pan there.one As outlined by Akrigg and Akrigg, the Halkomelem title for the realm is Qualark.two Hill’s Bar seems in lots of depsatches, beginning in 1858. As an example, this despatch, from Douglas to Lytton, experiences that one George check here Cade, who owns a sluice on Hill's Bar, experienced four hired Adult males at wages of 5 dollars every day, beneath him, and with each other they averaged earnings of four hundred bucks a day.
As outlined by this despatch, the bar was popular for its loaded gold deposits, which was monopolized by a man named Mead and a person other. On this despatch, Douglas writes that the best instance of mining achievements which I heard of in course of our journey fell on the large amount of a celebration of three Males, who designed one hundred and ninety ounces of gold dust in 7 working times on Sailor's Bar.
844046 Cedar District is found over the jap shore of southern Vancouver Island. Now, it is actually household on the little community of Cedar. As its name implies, it had an abundance of cedar trees, which have been observed, along with the assets of numerous other areas recognized by Pemberton’s surveys of the southern Vancouver Island in the course of the 1850s; the two this map which map, Just about every from 1859, exhibit Cedar District.
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one The HBC had demanded that Tzouhalem purchase the slaughter of many the business’s cows that grazed brazenly above 1st Nation land. When Tzouhalem refused, the HBC banned him from Fort Victoria, which resulted in Tzouhalem’s raid.2 Even so, Finlayson conveniently repelled the attack, and dissuaded any even more violence by using a Screen from your fort’s cannons, which compelled Tzouhalem to ultimately compensate for your cows he experienced killed.3 Mount Tzouhalem, Situated east of Duncan, is so named since Tzouhalem, banished from his tribe for his continuous pursuit from the wives of fellow tribesmen, lived for a interval in a very cave about the mountain.four In 1854, Tzouhalem was killed on Kuper Island through an try to improve his quantity of wives to fifteen.5
two Frog Portage’s strategic situation here is highlighted With this letter from Douglas to Newcastle, which notes that a 3rd Station shaped at Frog Portage, to intercept trade targeted traffic, would hermetically seal the Region, and allow the Government to regulate and Management the trade with excellent simplicity and with no Substantially price.